Justin
Justin is regal and gorgeous.  He knows it, too, striking a pose as if to say,
"Just look at how great I am.  I'm above all the ordinary school horses in this
field."  He prefers Red Delicious apples and will turn up his nose at a sour
Granny Smith any day of the week.  He even rolls in mud elegantly.  Justin
has one little problem.  He overreaches, that is, his back feet hit his front
heels, so he has to wear bell boots to protect his front feet.
Justin isn't a full-blooded Morgan.  He's a mutt.  That's just as well, because
many Morgans can be a bit more than a beginning rider can handle.  
Whatever other breed Justin has in him has made him a good, well-rounded
school horse.
Justin's also very smart.  We're talking brilliant.  He waits for you to give him
the aids, and they'd better be clear directions.  He wants you to be the
leader and will test you to see if you can meet his standards.  Think ahead
with this horse.  If you panic and grip, Justin won't stop, he'll move on and
out.
The Incorrect Lead
There are many reasons why a horse will pick up the incorrect lead.  First,
horses have preferred sides, just as people are left- or right-handed.  
preference for one side or the other.  Justin, for example, prefers the right
lead, and he'll pick it up much more easily than he will the left, although he
can do either if given proper direction.
Also consider the possibility that you bent the horse improperly or gave the
aids to canter incorrectly.  Justin has to know which way he's going.  
Sometimes, he makes an assumption and picks up that lead.  Say, for
instance, that while cantering down the center of the ring Justin assumes
that you'll ask him to turn right when you reach the fence.  Then you give
him ambiguous or incorrect aids.  He picks up the right lead even though
you meant for him to go left and to pick up the left lead.
Stiffness, not being ambidextrous, can also cause a horse to pick up the
wrong lead.  Some horses will only canter on one lead because that side of
their body is overdeveloped.  My students often ask why this happens.  
Suppose you brush your teeth with your right hand all the time.  If you were
to break that hand and had to brush with your left hand, wouldn't it feel
foreign and uncomfortable?
Finally, an incorrect lead may result simply because a horse is still a horse.  
Given the choice of turning toward or away from the barn, he'll turn toward
the barn.  Don't underestimate such outside influences.

Recognizing the Incorrect Lead
You should recognize after the first stride or two if your horse is on the
incorrect lead.  Watch for the following clues:

He doesn't canter exactly when you say -- there's a stutter step.  He
probably changed his bend during that step and assumed the incorrect
lead.

He raises his head and becomes inverted during the transition from trot
to canter.

He trots faster or, in other words, was strung out during the transition.

He usually is very balanced on the right lead, but you're going left.
INCORRECT LEAD
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