Preparation
Before you hit the trail, there's one minor thing you have to learn, and that's jumping.  Trees might
have fallen across the trail, and carrying a chain saw with you just isn't a good option.
Don't get too excited.  You're only going to negotiate some poles on the ground and cavalletti (poles
that have been raised a few inches).  After that, it's off to try your skill at navigating ditches and logs.

Trotting Poles and Cavalletti
The key to riding over trotting poles and cavalletti is to keep Guinness going straight, get into half seat,
and look up and beyond the poles to where you're headed.  By getting into half seat before you reach
the poles, you'll be secure when you feel the minor jolts as Guinness sails over these obstacles.  Grab
some mane, too, just for good luck.
Here you go.  Trot Guinness straight over the poles.  Feel the shock?  Did you flex your joints and stay
level on top of the horse while in half seat?  If so, good!  Go over the poles several times until you
become comfortable with this exercise and can easily maintain your balance and your seat.
Now you're going to do the same thing over cavalletti raised three inches off the ground and then six
inches.  Guinness will start to jump a little, which will cause a little jostling for you!  You must keep your
body position by flexing your joints and staying level.

Logs
Next, try a real, live, dead log, which is just a little higher than the cavalletti.  (Don't forget your half
seat).  Guinness trots along nicely, but when he comes to the log, what does he do?  He hops.  It was
an awkward little jump.  You lurch backward.  Then you whip forward.
This is common.  Some horses will walk or trot right over little poles or logs, but others hop or jump.  
Later, you'll learn more about how to encourage a horse to take a smooth little jump, but in the
meantime, your half seat will help minimize the shock.  Also, keep your reins short and hold onto
Guinness's mane.  A handful of mane will help counter that backward lurch.  Otherwise, your whole
body weight is going to pull on the reins and Guinness will get it hard in the mouth.

Ditches and Ravines
Horses tend not to like to step down into ditches or ravines, and Guinness is no exception.  If it's a small
ditch, he'll prefer to hop over it.  Treat the ditch as if it were a log.  Get into half seat and hold the mane.
Again, let me stress that you hold the mane and keep the reins short.  If your reins get loose, you won't
have the control you need if Guinness speeds up after hopping the ditch.
Guinness
Guinness is named after the ale because of his personality.  If he were a man, he'd be loafing on the
sofa, sipping a Guinness, smoking a cigar, and watching Monday night football.
When he walks out of his stall, he unenthusiastically ambles along.  Some days, you'll think he might
not make it to the ring.  But then every once in a while he'll surprise you with a burst of energy.
Guinness is an especially beautiful, traditionally bred Quarter Horse.  Muscular and sleek, he has
sturdy legs, a bold head, and the classic Quarter Horse butt, huge and powerful.  Guinness, however,
also happens to be a cribber: He has the bad habit of hooking his front teeth on his stall door and
arching his neck.  It sounds like he's sucking in wind.
Most of the time he's calm and steady, but like most horses, he'll shy at the unexpected.  He also likes
to snatch at grass and trees if given the opportunity, so you've got to be on your guard and let him
know at all times who's in control.
Guinness makes no fuss about being led out of the barn, but when you cross the yard to the ring, he
goes for the grass.  Keep his head up.  Let him know he's not going to pull this stunt on you.
Trail riding is without a doubt one of the most enjoyable riding experiences you can have.  In
teaching books, including this one, authors talk a lot about what might go wrong and how to fix it.  
But trail riding is actually relatively safe if you ride in a controlled situation.  You get to relax, take in
the peace and quiet of nature, and do it all from the back of a very good friend.
For this lesson I'm assuming you have an instructor leading the trail ride as part of a class, but I'll
also include some information that pertains to trail riding in general.

A horse like Guinness will keep you on your toes on the trail.
TRAIL PREPARATION
WOODLAND
UNIVERSITY
Woodland Horse Center
16301 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20905
301-421-9156          fax: 301-421-9049
woodland16301@verizon.net